British Steel today unveiled ambitious plans for the biggest transformation in its history –
a £1.25-billion proposal to become a clean, green and sustainable business by adopting electric
arc furnace steelmaking.
Following a detailed analysis of its current operations, available technology and challenging market
conditions, the company is proposing to accelerate its decarbonisation programme.
The proposals, which are subject to appropriate support from the UK Government, could see British Steel
install 2 electric arc furnaces (EAFs) – the first at its headquarters in Scunthorpe, the second at its
manufacturing site in Teesside.
The new furnaces could be operational by late 2025 and would replace the aging iron and steelmaking
operations in Scunthorpe which are responsible for the vast majority of the company’s CO2 emissions.
The company proposes maintaining current operations until a transition to electric arc steelmaking.
British Steel has started preliminary talks with trade unions about electrification, and has promised to
support employees affected by the decarbonisation plans. It has agreed for its proposals to be reviewed
by an external specialist on behalf of the trade unions.
The company is also working with North Lincolnshire Council on a masterplan to attract new businesses
and jobs to the Scunthorpe site, parts of which could become vacant if the proposals go ahead.
British Steel CEO and President, Xijun Cao, said: “Decarbonisation is a major challenge for our business
but we are committed to manufacturing the home-made, low-embedded carbon steel the UK needs.
“We have engaged extensively with the public and private sector to understand the feasibility of
producing net zero steel with our current blast furnace operations. However, thorough analysis shows
this is not viable.
“Detailed studies show electrification could rapidly accelerate our journey to net zero and drive British
Steel towards a sustainable future. It would also ensure we can provide our customers with the steel they
“Our owners, Jingye, have already invested £330 million in British Steel in just 3 years and they’re
committed to the unprecedented investment our proposals require.”
British Steel unveiled its Low-Carbon Roadmap in October 2021, pledging to invest in a range of
technologies to deliver net-zero steel by 2050, and significantly reduce its CO2 intensity by 2030 and
2035. However, the company is now proposing to accelerate its decarbonisation journey with the
potential new operating structure able to reduce its CO2 intensity by around 75 percent.
Xijun said: “Our desire to dramatically reduce our carbon footprint, coupled with current market
conditions, means we can’t wait and need to transform our business as quickly as possible. And while
decarbonisation will not happen overnight, it’s imperative we take swift and decisive action to ensure a
sustainable future for British Steel.
“We studied having one large electric arc furnace based in Scunthorpe, one which was capable of
manufacturing all of the steel we require for our rolling mills in the Humber and the North East. However,
such a large furnace would require a new National Grid connection and it is anticipated this would not be
available until 2034. We therefore believe the most viable and timely option is to have 2 smaller furnaces
which combine to produce the volumes of steel we require.”
British Steel has conducted feasibility studies into introducing EAFs to Scunthorpe and Teesside, and
discussed the potential changes to its operations with North Lincolnshire Council, Redcar and Cleveland
Borough Council and the Tees Valley Combined Authority. Because of the need to decarbonise its
operations at pace, and the planning processes required, the company expects to shortly be submitting
Environmental Impact Assessments to the relevant authorities. This would enable British Steel to meet
appropriate timeframes should it decide to press ahead with the proposals and it be successful in
securing planning approvals.
Xijun said: “It is prudent to evaluate different operational scenarios to help us achieve our goals and we
are continuing to assess our options. However, we firmly believe electrification will provide a rapid and
sustainable solution to our decarbonisation challenge in addition to providing support for sustainable
“We are confident our proposals will help secure the low-embedded carbon steelmaking the UK requires
now and for decades to come. However, we need the UK to adopt the correct policies and frameworks
now to back our decarbonisation drive. Governments in the countries where our major competitors
operate have adopted such policies and the longer we wait for their implementation in the UK, the more
impact and challenge this will have on our competitiveness and the country’s ability to meet its carbon
“We remain in talks with the government and, with its support, are committed to making the steel Britain
needs for generations to come.”
British Steel’s main manufacturing base is in Scunthorpe where it has blast furnaces that make iron, and
a Basic Oxygen Steelmaking plant that converts iron into steel. At the same site, it has mills that
roll semi-finished steel into finished products – rail, wire rod and constructional sections.
In Lackenby, near Redcar, it also operates Teesside Beam Mill which makes constructional steel while
nearby, at Skinningrove, it has another mill that makes Special Profiles. The feedstock for both mills,
semi-finished steel, is manufactured in Scunthorpe.
Proposed future operations
Under the proposals, the new steel plant at Scunthorpe would consist of one 130-tonne electric arc
furnace; two 130-tonne ladle furnaces, one 130-tonne degasser and two continuous casters.
The new steel plant at Teesside would consist of one 100-tonne electric arc furnace, one 100-tonne ladle
furnace, one 100-tonne vacuum degasser and two continuous casters to supply Teesside Beam Mill and